The Ocular Surface is a complex and delicate arrangement of organs
at the front of the eyeball
that provides a moist environment
in order to perform the first steps of the Vision Process . . .
… the prototypic disease of the ocular surface
that occurs due to a loss of the essential moisture
is the most frequent diagnosis in ophthalmology
Tear Film Lipids are of utmost Importance
for the function of the Tear Film and thus
for the Ocular Surface as a whole.
The Meibomian Glands inside the eye lids
produce lipids that form an Oil at body temperature .
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Meibomian GLand Dysfunction - MGD
Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD)
is the most frequent alteration of the lipid producing glands
inside the eyelids, and MGD is the main causative factor for Dry Eye Disease . . . .
Dry Eye Disease
...Dry Eye Disease is a typically chronic irritative dysfunction
of the Ocular Surface and
can lead to a progressive tissue destruction.
This complex dysregulation of the ocular surface
is the most frequent eye disease and
can occur due to a multitude of different influence factors
which makes diagnosis and therapy equally challennging
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In dry eye disease, there is typically a lack of tear film
- either in quantity or in quality. -
Usually aqueous drops are given as a main therapy option.
The primary causative factor for dry eye disease, however,
is usually a lack of oil
due to a malfunction of the meibomian glands inside the eyelids -
this leads to rapid evaporation of aqueous tears.
Patients have many options to improve their dry eye condition
not least by performing their own eyelid care as an effective basic treatment of dry eye disease . . .
lines the palpebral aperture and
thus divides the oily-dry skin from the aqueous-moist mucosa of the ocular surface.
The Lid Margin is a structure of underestimated importance
for ocular surface health and
for the onset and progression of Ocular Surface Disease,
in particular Dry Eye Disease . . .